Int.J.Mech.Sci. 48, 1246-1255, 2006.
F.D. Fischer¹, F.G. Rammerstorfer², T. Daxner²
¹Institute of Mechanics,
University of Mining and Metallurgy, Leoben, Austria
²Institute of Lightweight Design and Structural Biomechanics,
TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
This paper deals with a metal forming process leading to a conical extension of
circular cylindrical shells (tubes).
This forming process is called flaring. Analytical expressions are derived for
determining stress and strain fields as well as the force required for driving
The results are compared to finite element solutions and show reasonably good