Structure and Multiscale Mechanics of Carbon Nanomaterials (Ed. O.Paris), Springer-Verlag, 2016
M.A. Hartmann1, M. Todt2, F.G. Rammerstorfer2
1Institute of Physics,
Montanuniversität Leoben, Leoben, Austria
2Institute of Lightweight Design and Structural Biomechanics,
TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
Nanometer sized particles formed by carbon atoms mainly arranged in a hexagonal
atomic structure are called carbon nanostructures (CNS).
In this chapter we focus exclusively on sp 2-bonded CNS that include graphene
(Geim, 2009; Geim and Novoselov, 2007), single- and multi-walled carbon
nanotubes (Iijima, 1991; Pantano et al., 2004), fullerenes
(Kroto et al., 1985), and carbon onions (Banhart and Ajayan, 1996; Kroto, 1992;
Ugarte, 1992, 1995).
Especially graphene has drawn a lot of attention within the last years, because
it possesses exceptional mechanical and electrical properties (Geim, 2009;
Novoselov et al., 2004) and a high thermal conductivity (Lau et al., 2012).
It is the main building block of all other CNS based on sp 2-bonded carbon,
which therefore should inherit its exceptional properties making them promising
candidates for applications in the field of structural mechanics and the
electronics industry, as fillers in nanocomposites (Choi and Lee, 2012;
Baughman et al., 2002; Stankovich et al., 2006) and as solid lubricants
(Hirata et al., 2004).
This chapter will focus on the amazing mechanical properties of CNS only.
Information regarding the extraordinary electronic and thermal properties can
be found elsewhere (Novoselov et al., 2004; Castro Neto et al., 2009;